RADIOLOGY NEWS
COVID-19 patients face higher risk of barotrauma
July 7, 2020 -- Patients with COVID-19 who require invasive mechanical ventilation are more likely to experience barotrauma such as pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum than those without the disease, according to research published online July 2 in Radiology. And younger patients with COVID-19 were particularly at risk for these serious events.  Discuss
Earlier breast screening benefits women with childhood cancer
July 7, 2020 -- Women who had cancer in childhood treated with chest radiotherapy may strongly benefit from annual breast cancer screening starting in their 20s, according to a study published on July 6 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Annual screening as early as age 25 could reduce breast cancer deaths in these women by more than 50%.  Discuss
Can radiomics improve CT lung cancer screening?
July 7, 2020 -- Two radiomics features on low-dose CT (LDCT) exams in lung cancer screening can be used to identify early-stage lung cancer patients who may be at higher risk for poor survival outcomes, potentially enabling earlier interventions, according to research published online June 29 in Scientific Reports.  Discuss
Almost 40% COVID-19 patients have PE on CTPA
July 6, 2020 -- Researchers have discovered that 37% of patients with confirmed COVID-19 disease are found to have a pulmonary embolism (PE) on CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA). Their results were published July 2 in Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging.  Discuss
AI could help radiologists better detect kidney cancer
July 6, 2020 -- Artificial intelligence (AI) used with CT data could help abdominal radiologists better identify and classify kidney cancer, according to a presentation delivered at the recent virtual annual meeting of the Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine.  Discuss
Medicaid expansion tied to early breast cancer diagnosis
July 2, 2020 -- Expanded Medicaid coverage was linked to earlier breast cancer diagnosis in a study published on July 1 in JAMA Surgery. Advanced breast cancer diagnoses fell by 3% in states that expanded Medicaid after the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.  Discuss
Adding AI to mpMRI improves breast cancer diagnosis
July 2, 2020 -- Using a deep-learning computer-aided diagnosis algorithm with multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) improves radiologist performance in identifying breast cancer, according to a study published June 29 in Nature.  Discuss
How mammography screening succeeded in Sweden
July 2, 2020 -- Breast screening has been a major success story in Sweden, and the country's experience is often cited as an example of how to implement breast screening on a widespread basis. Dr. László Tabár of Falun Central Hospital explains how it happened.  Discuss
Radiology reentry: Part 2 -- HR and patient scheduling
July 2, 2020 -- As radiology practices begin to reopen amid the COVID-19 pandemic, they have many important variables to consider. In the second of a three-part article series, Rebecca Farrington of Healthcare Administrative Partners discusses human resource management and addresses patient scheduling.  Discuss
ACR, RSNA calls on FDA to hold off on autonomous AI
July 1, 2020 -- Autonomous artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms aren't close to being safe enough to replace radiologists, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) should hold off for now on developing regulatory pathways for autonomous AI in radiology, according to the American College of Radiology (ACR) and the RSNA.  Discuss