RADIOLOGY NEWS
AI effective for assessing breast density
October 16, 2018 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can assess breast density with 94% agreement with the classifications of experienced mammographers, according to a new study published online October 16 in Radiology.  Discuss
Augmented reality heightens accuracy of brain procedure
October 16, 2018 -- Researchers from China used augmented reality technology to visualize brain CT scans directly on the head of a patient for a neurosurgical procedure -- markedly improving the procedure's accuracy compared with standard methods, according to an article published online October 16 in the Journal of Neurosurgery.  Discuss
AI can prescreen head CT studies for urgent findings
October 16, 2018 -- A set of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms can prescreen head CT scans for urgent findings such as intracranial hemorrhage and cranial fracture, enabling triage of these cases for priority review by radiologists, according to research published online on October 11 in the Lancet.  Discuss
Radiologists influence cost of incidental MRI follow-up
October 15, 2018 -- When radiologists find incidental pancreatic cysts on MRI scans, patients can benefit from prompt treatment. But what happens when ordering physicians don't heed the advice of radiologists for follow-up? One outcome is that downstream costs can vary widely, according to an October 9 study in the American Journal of Roentgenology.  Discuss
Contrast ultrasound helps characterize breast lesions
October 15, 2018 -- Adding contrast-enhanced ultrasound to conventional ultrasound improves diagnostic performance when it comes to distinguishing benign breast lesions from malignant ones, according to a study published in the November issue of Clinical Radiology.  Discuss
Is ultrasound needed for thyroid cancer follow-up?
October 12, 2018 -- Is follow-up ultrasound effective for tracking the recurrence of papillary thyroid cancer -- especially in patients with undetectable serum thyroglobulin levels? Not necessarily, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine.  Discuss
DeepSpine AI enhances grading of lumbar spinal stenosis
October 12, 2018 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm called DeepSpine can assist radiologists in the time-consuming and difficult task of grading spinal stenosis on lumbar spine MRI exams, according to researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital Center for Clinical Data Science in Boston.  Discuss
Cinematic rendering enhances ovarian cancer evaluation
October 12, 2018 -- The photorealistic detail provided by cinematically rendered CT scans helped researchers from China characterize and stage ovarian tumors better than they could with traditional volume rendering and multiplanar reconstruction, according to an article published online in the Journal of Ovarian Research.  Discuss
Ultrasound predicts fistula success in dialysis patients
October 11, 2018 -- Ultrasound can help clinicians predict whether arteriovenous fistulas -- surgically created sites that connect a patient's vein and artery -- will prove effective for accessing the bloodstream for dialysis, according to a study published online October 11 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.  Discuss
AI reduces false positives in screening mammography
October 11, 2018 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm reduced the number of unnecessary recalls from screening mammography exams by uncovering image features that may not be visible to radiologists, according to research published online October 11 in Clinical Cancer Research.  Discuss
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