RADIOLOGY NEWS
Data biases for AI could worsen healthcare disparities
August 21, 2019 -- Careful stewardship of the integrity of big data is crucial to ensure that inherent biases contained in datasets used to train artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms don't make existing disparities in healthcare even worse, according to an article published online August 19 in npj Digital Medicine.  Discuss
MRI shows vaping compromises vascular function
August 20, 2019 -- Findings from MRI scans show that vaping immediately affects vascular function, even when the liquid solution contained in the electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) does not contain nicotine, according to a study published August 20 in Radiology.  Discuss
Is radiology corporatization positive or negative?
August 20, 2019 -- Corporatization in radiology is increasing, and whether it is a positive or negative trend remains to be seen, according to a white paper published August 16 in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.  Discuss
Gadolinium MRI scans most common early in pregnancy
August 20, 2019 -- Pregnant women are four times more likely to undergo an MRI scan with a gadolinium-based contrast agent in their first trimester than in their final six months of pregnancy, a finding that indicates many are scanned before they know they are pregnant, according to a study published online August 20 in Radiology.  Discuss
4 applications of cinematic rendering in maxillofacial CT
August 20, 2019 -- Swiss researchers have used cinematic rendering to create photorealistic images of head CT and conebeam CT scans. They assess the potential benefits of integrating these images into the evaluation of maxillofacial anatomy and pathology in a study recently published online in Dentomaxillofacial Radiology.  Discuss
Preparing healthcare IT architecture for AI: Part 2
August 20, 2019 -- Preparing IT architecture for artificial intelligence (AI) and business intelligence and analytics in radiology requires a broad strategic architectural perspective and governance that often have been lacking at healthcare institutions, according to Dr. Paul Chang of the University of Chicago.  Discuss
First look at new Medicare rules for 2020
August 20, 2019 -- The U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has released its annual proposal for changes to the Medicare payment system for the coming year, explains Sandy Coffta from Healthcare Administrative Partners. CMS has also released new information about the existing mandate for the use of clinical decision support beginning in 2020.  Discuss
Is it time to implement CT lung screening in Asia?
August 19, 2019 -- A computer-based simulation model projected that CT lung screening in several Asian countries could reduce lung cancer deaths by nearly 5% in a new study, recently published online in PLoS One. These populations are likely to benefit greatly from widespread implementation of CT lung screening, researchers say.
POCUS in the ED translates to lower healthcare costs
August 19, 2019 -- Using point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in the emergency department can result in significant cost savings by avoiding unnecessary follow-up tests and helping clinicians make good treatment decisions, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine.  Discuss
Trump administration hits brakes on law to curb unneeded Medicare CT scans, MRIs
August 19, 2019 -- The U.S. Congress passed a law in 2014 to reduce unnecessary MRI exams, CT scans, and other expensive diagnostic imaging tests, but the Trump administration delayed putting the law into effect until 2020 after physicians argued it would interfere with their practices. Critics worry the delay comes at a cost: Medicare paying for millions of unnecessary exams and patients subject to unnecessary radiation.
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