AI detects pulmonary nodules on chest x-rays
September 16, 2019 -- A computer-aided detection software application based on artificial intelligence (AI) is able to identify pulmonary nodules quickly and accurately on chest x-rays, offering potential to serve as a triage or second-reading tool for radiologists, according to research published online September 11 in Clinical Radiology.  Discuss
AI can differentiate parkinsonism on DWI-MRI
September 13, 2019 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can distinguish between parkinsonian syndromes on diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI-MRI) exams at an accuracy level comparable to that of current gold-standard methods, according to research recently published online in Lancet Digital Health.  Discuss
Google inks AI partnership with Mayo Clinic
September 12, 2019 -- Google and the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN, have inked a 10-year strategic partnership involving artificial intelligence (AI), cloud computing, and data analytics.  Discuss
AI analysis of FFR-CT shows value -- in men
September 11, 2019 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm that estimated fractional flow reserve (FFR-CT) on coronary CT angiography outperformed visual stenosis scoring by clinicians for detecting lesion-specific ischemia in men -- but not women, according to research published online September 7 in the European Journal of Radiology.  Discuss
AI, radiomics predict prostate cancer aggressiveness
September 10, 2019 -- The combination of an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm and radiomics can accurately and automatically predict the aggressiveness of prostate cancer on dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI exams prior to biopsy, according to research published online September 5 in Clinical Radiology.  Discuss
Are studies on AI for tuberculosis really valid?
September 6, 2019 -- Many research studies reporting on the diagnostic accuracy of artificial intelligence (AI)-based software for detecting pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) on chest x-rays include design shortcomings that call into question how well the algorithms would work in the real world, according to an analysis published online September 3 in PLoS One.  Discuss
AI can measure Cobb angle, diagnose scoliosis on x-rays
August 28, 2019 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can automatically measure the Cobb angle on chest x-rays, yielding a promising level of performance for diagnosing scoliosis from exams performed for lung cancer screening, Chinese researchers reported in an article published online August 24 in the European Spine Journal.  Discuss
AI may facilitate personalized breast cancer treatment
August 26, 2019 -- Artificial intelligence (AI) may create new opportunities to improve outcomes for breast cancer patients via treatments that can be adapted based on patient response, as well as targeted therapies based on radiomic and pathomic analysis, according to an article published online August 22 in the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences.  Discuss
Data biases for AI could worsen healthcare disparities
August 21, 2019 -- Careful stewardship of the integrity of big data is crucial to ensure that inherent biases contained in datasets used to train artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms don't make existing disparities in healthcare even worse, according to an article published online August 19 in npj Digital Medicine.  Discuss
Preparing healthcare IT architecture for AI: Part 2
August 20, 2019 -- Preparing IT architecture for artificial intelligence (AI) and business intelligence and analytics in radiology requires a broad strategic architectural perspective and governance that often have been lacking at healthcare institutions, according to Dr. Paul Chang of the University of Chicago.  Discuss