DeepPET network smooths out PET image quality
April 25, 2019 -- Researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) in New York City have developed a deep-learning network called DeepPET to generate high-quality PET images more than 100 times faster than currently possible, according to a study published in the May issue of Medical Image Analysis.  Discuss
Can radiomics detect pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma?
April 25, 2019 -- Radiomics and a machine-learning algorithm can differentiate pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma from a normal pancreas on CT studies, potentially enabling earlier diagnosis of this highly lethal cancer, according to research published online April 23 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.  Discuss
AI predicts lung cancer survival from CT scan data
April 22, 2019 -- Harvard researchers have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm capable of analyzing routine CT scans to predict how well lung cancer patients will respond to treatment, as well as their likelihood of survival, according to an article published online April 22 in Clinical Cancer Research.  Discuss
AI can identify, classify prostate cancer on mpMRI
April 18, 2019 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm called FocalNet was able to identify prostate cancer on multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) nearly as well as experienced radiologists and also predicted the lesion's aggressiveness, according to research presented at the recent IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging in Venice, Italy.  Discuss
AI can spot malpositioned catheters on pediatric x-rays
April 17, 2019 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can automatically analyze pediatric x-rays to identify patients with incorrectly positioned catheters, potentially enabling these studies to be triaged for priority review by radiologists, according to research published online April 10 in the Journal of Digital Imaging.  Discuss
The 5 things radiology needs to speed up AI use
April 16, 2019 -- What's needed to accelerate advances in artificial intelligence (AI) in radiology? New image reconstruction methods, automated image labeling and annotation techniques, pretrained model architectures, explainable AI, and imaging data aggregation are all needed, according to a special report published April 16 in Radiology.  Discuss
Ultrasound CADx software can stratify thyroid nodules
April 15, 2019 -- Although it doesn't perform as well as a sonography expert, ultrasound computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) software can still be useful for stratifying thyroid nodules by their risk of malignancy, according to research published online April 11 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.  Discuss
5 ways artificial intelligence can augment clinicians
April 5, 2019 -- Artificial intelligence (AI) can augment the work of clinicians in five key areas: prognosis, diagnosis, treatment, workflow, and expanding the availability of clinical expertise, according to a review article published April 4 in the New England Journal of Medicine. But key challenges remain.  Discuss
AI malware deceives radiologists with fake tumors on CT
April 5, 2019 -- Researchers from Israel have developed malware based on an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm capable of realistically altering the appearance of lung tumors on 3D CT scans, according to an April 3 article from the Washington Post.  Discuss
SBI: AI improves DBT's performance in dense tissue
April 4, 2019 -- Using artificial intelligence (AI) software with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) shortens reading time and improves breast cancer detection, sensitivity, and specificity in both dense and nondense breasts, according to research presented April 4 at the Society of Breast Imaging (SBI) annual meeting in Hollywood, FL.  Discuss