AI can identify, classify prostate cancer on mpMRI
April 18, 2019 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm called FocalNet was able to identify prostate cancer on multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) nearly as well as experienced radiologists and also predicted the lesion's aggressiveness, according to research presented at the recent IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging in Venice, Italy.  Discuss
AI can spot malpositioned catheters on pediatric x-rays
April 17, 2019 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can automatically analyze pediatric x-rays to identify patients with incorrectly positioned catheters, potentially enabling these studies to be triaged for priority review by radiologists, according to research published online April 10 in the Journal of Digital Imaging.  Discuss
The 5 things radiology needs to speed up AI use
April 16, 2019 -- What's needed to accelerate advances in artificial intelligence (AI) in radiology? New image reconstruction methods, automated image labeling and annotation techniques, pretrained model architectures, explainable AI, and imaging data aggregation are all needed, according to a special report published April 16 in Radiology.  Discuss
Ultrasound CADx software can stratify thyroid nodules
April 15, 2019 -- Although it doesn't perform as well as a sonography expert, ultrasound computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) software can still be useful for stratifying thyroid nodules by their risk of malignancy, according to research published online April 11 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.  Discuss
5 ways artificial intelligence can augment clinicians
April 5, 2019 -- Artificial intelligence (AI) can augment the work of clinicians in five key areas: prognosis, diagnosis, treatment, workflow, and expanding the availability of clinical expertise, according to a review article published April 4 in the New England Journal of Medicine. But key challenges remain.  Discuss
AI malware deceives radiologists with fake tumors on CT
April 5, 2019 -- Researchers from Israel have developed malware based on an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm capable of realistically altering the appearance of lung tumors on 3D CT scans, according to an April 3 article from the Washington Post.  Discuss
SBI: AI improves DBT's performance in dense tissue
April 4, 2019 -- Using artificial intelligence (AI) software with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) shortens reading time and improves breast cancer detection, sensitivity, and specificity in both dense and nondense breasts, according to research presented April 4 at the Society of Breast Imaging (SBI) annual meeting in Hollywood, FL.  Discuss
FDA eyes new framework for AI that continuously learns
April 3, 2019 -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has announced an effort to develop a new regulatory framework for medical artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms that reflects the fact that these tools are continuously learning and evolving from experience gained in real-world clinical use.  Discuss
AI improves contouring accuracy for radiation oncology
April 2, 2019 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can provide accurate, fast, and automated contouring of primary tumor volumes on multiparametric MR images of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients, potentially improving outcomes from radiation therapy, according to research published online March 26 in Radiology.  Discuss
Is blockchain ready for radiology?
April 1, 2019 -- Blockchain technology could have many exciting applications in radiology and also facilitate the development of artificial intelligence algorithms. But key hurdles remain in the way of adoption of the technology, said Dr. Woojin Kim, who recently spoke in a webinar held by the Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine.  Discuss