Single- vs. dual-energy abdominal CT: Which has the lowest dose?

Sunday, November 30 | 11:45 a.m.-11:55 a.m. | SSA06-07 | Room E353A
Triple-phase liver exams are a good way to evaluate CT dose. But which generates the lowest doses: single- or dual-source scanning? This study compared dose levels in 45 patients who had undergone the exam on different occasions with different scanners.

Dr. Andrei Purysko and colleagues evaluated a single-energy protocol (120 kVp; weight-based mAs) and a dual-energy protocol (100/Sn 140 kVp; mAs adjusted to match the CT dose index volume [CTDIvol] of a weight-based mAs single-energy scan), according to the abstract. They recorded exposure and image noise information from each phase on each scanner.

The group also tested the protocols using multiple dose levels on a semianthropomorphic phantom. Abdominal dual-energy CT (DECT) had a significantly lower radiation dose at similar or equal noise levels compared to single-energy CT in both clinical and phantom studies, Purysko told

"These results are critical for implementation of DECT of the abdomen in clinical practice, as they show that this technique does not necessarily come at the expense of higher radiation doses," he said.

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