The amount of data acquired by MR is increasing, which is a result of a growing number of radiofrequency channels and a trend toward higher acquisition duty cycles in many of today's MR systems.
In the future, MR equipment will be more platform-based, incorporating any number of scanners, explained David Brunner, PhD, chief technology officer and co-founder of Skope Magnetic Resonance Technologies, a Switzerland-based developer of sensor technology and algorithms for the next generation of MRI systems.
The need to improve techniques for acquiring clean MR images is apparent, according to Brunner. He described the optimum MRI platform of the future as being designed with an entirely different infrastructure from what is known today -- one that involves the use of reconfigurable hardware, new interfaces, and real-time processing resources, all aimed at more rapidly processing imaging and machine system operating data.
One of the main deficiencies of MRI to date has been its slow acquisition speed. But Brunner believes that this could be improved by using statistically enhanced stack-on data, based on software modeling and machine learning. Stacking can effectively enhance data signals, and machine-learning software would be trained on the MRI data and then developed into MRI-applicable algorithms and software for later use.
The aim of this approach is to enable MRI systems to learn new information about the biology of patients picked up by the MR scans, according to Brunner. But the information and data required probably cannot be acquired on many of the individual scanners of the kind in use today, he indicated.
To solve this data bottleneck, standalone scanners would need to communicate with other scanners. MRI systems would feature high connectivity and be established on one platform to communicate effectively. The scanners would be fed the same data, and all would interpret the image data in the same manner, giving the data the same meaning consistently.
Brunner has suggested using reconfigurable hardware with a custom-tailored assembly of interfaces and real-time processing resources. Augmenting MRI systems with additional sensors would improve the nature of MRI data and the way it is acquired.
Additional sensors could include motion sensors and magnetic field sensors that report on the state of the patient being scanned and which monitor the operation of the scanner as well, Brunner said. The sensor data could be added to the image output data to help in making a diagnosis.
When designing the MRI platform of the future, developers would have to provide additional space for integrating additional sensors. But it would be difficult to implement all of the dedicated sensor interfaces in an analog state. So, sensors would have to be digitized along with the scanners on the platform. Brunner suggested one option would involve using a 16-channel digitizer to do so.
To incorporate the circuitry further, Brunner offered an integrated solution based on a thumb-sized system-on-chip, which would offer sufficient throughput and reconfigurable hardware-based parallel processing power for difficult applications, such as the high-speed exchange of data.
Future MRI platforms must support the enrichment of MR data, as well as data from other modalities, if needed by the clinician to make a diagnosis. This can be done through the use of additional sensors, machine learning, and a more extensively integrated workflow, Brunner concluded.