NCRP nixes gonadal screening, urges regulatory changes
January 14, 2021 -- The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) on January 13 advised against the routine use of gonadal shielding during abdominal and pelvic radiography. The change is in line with current scientific thinking on the risks of shielding, such as missed findings.  Discuss
Asians, Hispanics miss out on imaging during pandemic
January 14, 2021 -- Hispanic and Asian patients have been significantly less likely to get imaging studies during the COVID-19 pandemic, creating the risk of delayed diagnoses, according to a Brigham and Women's study published January 12 in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.  Discuss
Thyroid cancer screening hits the right note
January 13, 2021 -- Researchers from France discovered a thyroid cancer screening technique that hit all the right notes. The method can noninvasively detect abnormally stiff tissues on ultrasound when participants sing the "eeee" sound, according to a January 12 study in Applied Physics Letters.  Discuss
PET/CT guidance offers valuable approach to lung biopsies
January 13, 2021 -- One optimum way to reduce inconclusive lung biopsy results and better detect malignancies is to use FDG-PET/CT for the image-guided procedure. Researchers from Brazil found that PET/CT had advantages over conventional CT guidance.  Discuss
Better chest CT CAC reporting avoids unnecessary exams
January 13, 2021 -- Reporting coronary artery calcium (CAC) on routine chest CT could help clinicians more accurately predict a patient's cardiovascular disease risk and avoid unnecessary additional gated calcium score CT exams, according to a study published in the January-February issue of Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology.  Discuss
Could AI lower malpractice risk for physicians?
January 12, 2021 -- Although some legal scholars believe that liability concerns could hinder adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) software in personalized medicine, a new study published in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine found that physicians who follow the technology's advice may actually be shielded from malpractice liability.  Discuss
FDA publishes action plan for medical AI software
January 12, 2021 -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has published an action plan for medical artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms that includes a draft guidance, efforts to harmonize good machine-learning practices, and development of methodologies for evaluating algorithms and monitoring their real-world performance.  Discuss
AI bolsters specificity of screening breast ultrasound
January 12, 2021 -- A diagnostic model that incorporates artificial intelligence (AI)-based quantitative analysis can significantly decrease false-positive rates for masses detected on screening breast ultrasound exams, potentially helping to reduce unnecessary biopsies, according to a study published online January 11 in Scientific Reports.  Discuss
Falling lung cancer rates drive cancer decline in U.S.
January 12, 2021 -- The death rate for people who have lung cancer in the U.S. continued to drop in 2020, according to a January 12 report from the American Cancer Society. The drop has contributed to a decline in cancer mortality of almost one-third in the last 20 years.  Discuss
Is there a place for whole-body cancer screening?
January 12, 2021 -- A whole-body imaging cancer screening program could be an effective way to detect early-stage cancer among a motivated screening population, according to a study from Japan published January 1 in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.  Discuss