MRI biomarker portends preterm infant development risks
October 20, 2020 -- A quantitative MRI software application can predict which preterm infants will go on to develop motor development disorders such as cerebral palsy, potentially enabling risk stratification and early interventions in these children, according to research published online September 28 in Scientific Reports.  Discuss
AI aids detection of metastasis on bone scintigraphy
October 13, 2020 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) model was able to help nuclear medicine physicians improve their performance in diagnosing bone metastases on bone scintigraphy exams in patients with breast, lung, prostate, or other cancers, according to research published online October 12 in Scientific Reports.  Discuss
New eyeglass-fluoroscopy device improves spinal surgery
October 13, 2020 -- Japanese researchers have developed a device that when attached to normal eyeglasses can display fluoroscopic images used for spinal surgical guidance, meaning a surgeon no longer needs to repeatedly look across an operating room to a video monitor.  Discuss
Image-guided biopsy spots residual breast cancer
October 7, 2020 -- Image-guided biopsies performed after breast cancer patients have been treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy can predict the presence of residual cancer, potentially avoiding the need for surgery, a multinational team of researchers reported in an article published online October 7 in JAMA Surgery.  Discuss
CT radiomics predicts esophageal cancer outcomes
September 11, 2020 -- Machine-learning models that assess both peritumoral and intratumoral radiomics features on pretreatment CT images can yield a promising level of performance for predicting treatment outcomes in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, according to research published online September 10 in JAMA Network Open.  Discuss
3D printing enhances planning of TAVR procedures
September 8, 2020 -- 3D-printed soft aortic root models with integrated electronic sensor arrays can improve the planning of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedures in patients with aortic stenosis, potentially decreasing the risk of complications, according to research published online August 28 in Science Advances.  Discuss
Virtual imaging trials could optimize COVID-19 imaging
September 2, 2020 -- Researchers have created computerized models of lung abnormalities on CT scans of patients with COVID-19, according to an August 28 study in the American Journal of Roentgenology. The virtual imaging models can be used like computerized phantoms for research into the use of imaging to detect and monitor the disease.  Discuss
Augmented reality enhances medical student training
August 25, 2020 -- Augmented reality (AR) technology and 3D CT holograms can significantly improve recall of head and neck anatomy in first-year medical students, yielding better performance than viewing the holograms on traditional laptop displays, according to research published online August 20 in Academic Radiology.  Discuss
3D printing can help in planning complex CHD surgeries
August 24, 2020 -- 3D printing can influence strategy changes and improve surgical confidence when planning surgeries for complex cases of congenital heart disease (CHD), according to research published online in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.  Discuss
3D CT models can help assess COVID-19 lung damage
August 20, 2020 -- Can advanced visualization techniques used to research the lungs of reptiles and birds also help diagnose COVID-19 in humans? Applying methods from evolutionary anatomy research, a Louisiana State University team has created 3D digitally segmented models that demonstrate the extent and distribution of the disease.  Discuss