Radiation Oncology Digital Community
ASTRO report: Peer review is challenging but necessary
March 27, 2013 -- Peer review is one of the most effective means for ensuring that radiation therapy decisions are tailored to specific patients, especially with respect to potentially controversial protocols. A new report in Practical Radiation Oncology defines peer review and discusses how it can be used in routine clinical practice.
IMRT produces excellent results for endometrial cancer
March 26, 2013 -- The use of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for gynecologic cancers is increasing, but outcomes data are still lacking. An article published in the March issue of Gynecologic Oncology about the outcomes of high-risk endometrial cancer patients adds to the literature and brings positive news.
NEJM: RT boosts heart disease risk in breast cancer patients
March 14, 2013 -- Radiation therapy (RT) has played a key role in reducing breast cancer mortality rates, but even at low doses it can increase a woman's risk of heart disease, according to new research published on March 14 in the New England Journal of Medicine.
CMS reconsiders oncology PET tracer coverage limitations
March 8, 2013 -- As it had proposed in December, the U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has removed a national noncoverage determination for radiopharmaceuticals with oncology PET imaging. However, CMS was not swayed by lobbying efforts to also include cardiac and neurological applications in the decision.
Surgery plus RT works best for metastatic gastric cancer
March 4, 2013 -- Patients with metastatic gastric cancer face a grim prognosis, but those who undergo surgery followed by radiation therapy (RT) may have the best chance of longer survival, according to a study published online January 29 in Cancer.
Experts discuss proton therapy's potential for breast cancer
February 27, 2013 -- Proton therapy is currently used to treat brain, spine, and prostate cancers, as well as many pediatric tumors. Earlier this month, experts from some of the leading U.S. cancer centers gathered to discuss the emerging role of proton therapy in breast cancer.
Long-term prostate outcomes track PSA scores
February 27, 2013 -- A long-term analysis of the outcomes of prostate cancer patients who received radiation therapy showed recurrence was rare if the patient had a low prostate-specific antigen (PSA) score 15 years after treatment. The findings were published in the March issue of the Journal of Urology.
Adult survivors of pediatric cancer risk pulmonary hypertension
February 18, 2013 -- Pediatric cancer survivors who live to middle age may be in danger of developing pulmonary hypertension if their treatment included radiation therapy, according to an article published online January 7 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Radiation plus surgery boosts rectal cancer survival
February 14, 2013 -- Combined treatment with radiotherapy and surgery is only an option in the treatment guidelines, but patients with advanced rectal or rectosigmoid cancer live longer when they receive both, according to a presentation at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.
Moments in Radiology History: Part 12 -- Radioisotopes
February 13, 2013 -- In the latest Moments in Radiology History column, historian Otha Linton traces the path of radioisotopes from physicist Antoine Henri Becquerel and the Curies to cyclotrons in California, the first treatments of cancer patients, and World War II and the atomic bomb.
Prostate cancer patients pleased with QOL after proton therapy
February 13, 2013 -- More than 90% of prostate cancer patients who received proton therapy said they were satisfied with their treatment and subsequent quality of life (QOL), according to survey results presented on Wednesday at the National Proton Conference being held this week in Washington, DC.
Imaging biomarkers show promise for cancer treatment response
February 8, 2013 -- Imaging biomarkers show promise as tools to assess patient response to chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Research on the use of biomarkers for brain tumors and esophageal cancers was presented in scientific sessions at the Cancer Imaging and Radiation Therapy Symposium, held February 8 and 9 in Orlando, FL.
Gold nanoparticles offer future potential as cancer treatment
February 7, 2013 -- Researchers have demonstrated the ability to harness powerful radioactive particles and direct them toward small cancer tumors using gold-plated nanoparticles, according to an article published online January 18 in PLOS One.
Accelerated RT with boost works well for breast cancer patients
February 6, 2013 -- Accelerated whole-breast radiation therapy (RT), which shortens radiation treatment duration by half, is proved to be as effective as conventional therapy for early-stage breast cancer patients. Whether a concomitant boost is needed remains a subject of debate among radiation oncologists due to the overall treatment's potential toxicity.
PET/CT predicts response to endorectal radiotherapy
January 30, 2013 -- PET/CT results can predict which patients will respond to high-dose-rate endorectal brachytherapy for stage II and III rectal cancer, according to a study presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium. The results could pave the way for easier treatments and better outcomes.
Blacks treated less, die sooner from advanced colon cancer
January 29, 2013 -- When it comes to advanced metastatic colorectal cancer, blacks are less likely to be referred for treatment, less likely to receive it, and more likely to die sooner than whites, according to a study presented on Saturday at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.
Lumpectomy with RT tops mastectomy for early-stage cancer
January 28, 2013 -- Women with early-stage breast cancer sometimes opt for mastectomy rather than less radical surgery out of concern about cancer recurrence. But recurrence risk was lower for women who chose lumpectomy followed by radiation therapy (RT) compared with those who received mastectomies, according to a study published online on Monday in Cancer.
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