RSNA 2017 Ultrasound Preview
By Kate Madden Yee, staff writer
November 7, 2017

At the upcoming RSNA 2017 meeting in Chicago, you'll hear variations on the key theme of how ultrasound in its various forms helps clinicians diagnose disease, stage treatment, and track healing. Technologies under discussion will range from shear-wave elastography and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to MRI-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound, just to name a few.

Researchers will address a variety of clinical questions. How well does ultrasound correlate to MRI findings of suspicious lesions? How well do guidelines from the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound define cirrhosis? Does ultrasound reduce complications in pediatric renal biopsies? And can the technology help assess the effectiveness of compression stockings to prevent delayed-onset muscle soreness? (Spoiler alert: Yes.)

Look for research that explores the use of contrast ultrasound to assess muscle injuries and hepatic artery blocks and to diagnose Crohn's disease recurrence, as well as discussion of how real-time elastography can detect "golfer's elbow"; a new technique that registers ultrasound and MRI data to help guide spine needle interventions; and whether photoacoustic ultrasound is an effective alternative to fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid.

As for breast imaging, presenters will investigate studies on everything from how screening ultrasound compares with digital breast tomosynthesis and mammography and whether real-time breast ultrasound after a second opinion can prevent unnecessary biopsies to the effect of deep-learning software on the modality's performance.

Need to up your ultrasound game? At RSNA 2017 you'll find courses that address a range of topics, including diagnosing, tracking, and treating thyroid cancer; interventional breast procedures; musculoskeletal ultrasound; vascular Doppler; and interventional sonography.

Finally, check out the RSNA's controversy session on pelvic imaging -- "When is ultrasound enough?" -- as well as sessions on emerging uses of the technology (think immuno-imaging probes and elastography) and a primer on how to integrate CEUS into radiology practice.

For highlights of some of the many ultrasound scientific sessions and posters scheduled for presentation at this year's meeting, read on. To view the RSNA's complete listing of abstracts for this year's scientific and educational program, click here.

Scientific and Educational Presentations
Cancer detection rate of screening ultrasound increases over time
Monday, November 27 | 12:15 p.m.-12:45 p.m. | BR225-SD-MOA5 | Lakeside, BR Community, Station 5
Over time, the cancer detection rate of screening breast ultrasound increases -- without an increase in biopsies, researchers at Elizabeth Wende Breast Care in Rochester, NY, have found.
Breast ultrasound's cancer detection rate similar after DBT, mammo
Monday, November 27 | 3:00 p.m.-3:10 p.m. | SSE01-01 | Arie Crown Theater
Screening breast ultrasound's cancer detection rate in women with dense tissue is comparable after digital mammography versus after digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), according to a study conducted at Brown University.
SWE, MRE help detect fibrosis in patients with fatty liver disease
Monday, November 27 | 3:20 p.m.-3:30 p.m. | SSE08-03 | Room E352
Ultrasound shear-wave elastography (SWE), MR elastography (MRE), and transient elastography are all effective methods for diagnosing advanced fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, according to researchers from the University of Pittsburgh.
Both CEUS, CTA work for assessing hepatic artery blocks
Monday, November 27 | 3:20 p.m.-3:30 p.m. | SSE10-03 | Room E353C
Both contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and CT angiography (CTA) are helpful tools for evaluating hepatic artery obstruction in liver transplant patients, according to research being presented on Monday afternoon.
How well do SRU elastography recommendations define cirrhosis?
Monday, November 27 | 3:40 p.m.-3:50 p.m. | SSE08-05 | Room E352
How accurate are guidelines from the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound (SRU) for evaluating advanced fibrosis in patients with cirrhosis? Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh will address this question in a session on Monday afternoon.
Do technologists have more recalls for breast US exams?
Monday, November 27 | 3:50 p.m.-4:00 p.m. | SSE01-06 | Arie Crown Theater
Do screening breast ultrasound scans performed by technologists in women with dense tissue lead to more recalls? Find out at this Monday afternoon session.
CEUS helps diagnose Crohn's disease recurrence
Monday, November 27 | 3:50 p.m.-4:00 p.m. | SSE10-06 | Room E353C
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a viable tool for diagnosing the recurrence of Crohn's disease, and it's a less-invasive alternative to colonoscopy, according to researchers from Spain.
Real-time elastography helps detect golfer's elbow
Tuesday, November 28 | 9:25 a.m.-9:35 a.m. | RC304-04 | Room E450A
Real-time sonoelastography is a useful tool for diagnosing medial epicondylitis, or golfer's elbow, South Korean researchers have found.
Real-time breast US after second opinion averts biopsy
Tuesday, November 28 | 11:40 a.m.-11:50 a.m. | SSG01-08 | Room E451A
Real-time ultrasound scans performed after a second-opinion review of outside breast ultrasound studies find additional cancers and high-risk lesions and also prevents unnecessary biopsies, researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center have found.
How accurately does ultrasound correlate to MRI findings?
Tuesday, November 28 | 12:15 p.m.-12:45 p.m. | BR237-SD-TUA5 | Lakeside, BR Community, Station 5
Although ultrasound usually correlates well with MRI findings of suspicious lesions, follow-up is still warranted for these lesions, according to this study being presented on Tuesday.
CEUS can reduce breast biopsy rates
Tuesday, November 28 | 3:00 p.m.-3:10 p.m. | SSJ02-01 | Room E450A
In this session, researchers will discuss how using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to evaluate BI-RADS 4 or 5 breast lesions can reduce biopsy rates and increase cancer-to-biopsy yield.
New technique registers US, MRI data for spine interventions
Tuesday, November 28 | 3:30 p.m.-3:40 p.m. | SSJ21-04 | Room S403A
A new technique by researchers at Johns Hopkins University could provide a way to use ultrasound to guide spine needle interventions.
Deep-learning software boosts breast US performance
Tuesday, November 28 | 3:40 p.m.-3:50 p.m. | SSJ02-05 | Room E450A
When it comes to identifying breast cancer, deep-learning software for breast ultrasound achieves diagnostic accuracy comparable to that of radiologists, Swiss researchers have found.
Photoacoustic US offers option to thyroid biopsy
Tuesday, November 28 | 3:50 p.m.-4:00 p.m. | SSJ21-06 | Room S403A
In this talk, researchers from the University of Rochester will discuss how a transducer that combines photoacoustic and ultrasound technology could offer a viable alternative to fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid.
MRgFUS works for treating nonspinal osteoid osteoma
Wednesday, November 29 | 11:40 a.m.-11:50 a.m. | SSK13-08 | Room E353C
High-intensity MR-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) is a safe and effective treatment option for nonspinal osteoid osteoma, according to research being presented on Wednesday morning.
Fewer complications arise from US-guided renal biopsies
Wednesday, November 29 | 3:00 p.m.-3:10 p.m. | SSM19-01 | Room S102CD
A Texas group has found that pediatric patients who undergo real-time ultrasound-guided renal biopsies have fewer minor complications than those who undergo preprocedure ultrasound-aided skin marking.
Ultrasound helps assess the effectiveness of compression stockings
Wednesday, November 29 | 3:10 p.m.-3:20 p.m. | SSM14-02 | Room E353C
In this session, German researchers will present a study they conducted to assess the effect of compression stockings on the development of delayed-onset muscle soreness using contrast-enhanced ultrasound, MRI, and acoustic radiation force impulse elastography.
CEUS offers alternative for assessing muscle injuries
Wednesday, November 29 | 3:40 p.m.-3:50 p.m. | SSM14-05 | Room E353C
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) appears to be an effective tool for assessing muscle injuries in the acute phase after injury -- and it offers a lower-cost, more-accessible alternative to MRI, according to this study.
SWE identifies benign uterine conditions
Wednesday, November 29 | 3:50 p.m.-4:00 p.m. | SSM10-06 | Room E351
Ultrasound shear-wave elastography (SWE) could aid the diagnosis of women with benign myometrial conditions, according to research findings being presented on Wednesday afternoon.